Prevalence of Osteoporosis Following Menopause
Osteoporosis Following Menopause
Keywords:Bone Density, Fragility fractures, Menopause, Osteoporosis
Menopause which is the last menstrual period, is an unalterable and universal part of the age progression involving the female reproductive system. Menopause is labeled after 12 consecutive months of amenorrheic stage. The type of osteoporosis which is most commonly occurred after menopause can be stated as primary type 1, which is also termed as postmenopausal osteoporosis. The current study was done to evaluate the prevalence of osteoporosis following menopause in women of Pakistan. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted on 100 females having age above 40 years. The sample size was calculated using the WHO calculator keeping the Study had a six months’ time period and data was collected from Lahore General Hospital and Fatima Memorial Hospital. Nonprobability convenience sampling technique was used. The bone mineral density was measured using the DEXA scan. Osteoporosis following menopause was labeled on the basis of WHO criteria. The selected variables were described utilizing the descriptive statistics which is frequency tables, bar graphs and percentages. Results: Dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry showed that n=39 (39%) participants were severely osteoporotic with fractures, n=19 (19%) females were found to be osteoporotic, n=29 (29%) osteopenic and n=13 (13%) were normal. Conclusion: Females following early menopause are at high risk of low bone density that is osteoporosis. Fragility of bone is increased in menopausal women leading to fall injuries and fractures.
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