Evaluation of Renal Cyst on Ultrasound in Adults
Evaluation of Renal Cyst on Ultrasound in Adults HOW TO CITE:
Keywords:Renal, Cyst, Ultrasound, Polycystic kidneys, Complex cyst
Renal cysts are fluid-filled pockets that develop on or inside of the kidneys. Cysts were usual and incidental findings in routine sonographic examinations of kidneys. Objective: To evaluate the location and types of renal cyst using ultrasound. Material and Method: It is a cross-sectional study conducted in 5 months from November 2021 to March 2022. A sample size of 100 was calculated using previous published related study. All adults above 20 years were included and referred to an ultrasound scan of a kidney. After informed consent data was collected and analysed on SPSS version 20. Results: According to the current study renal cysts are most prevalent at the age group of 60 to 80 years having 35(35%) followed by 40 to 60 years 33(33%). The males were more prone to develop renal cysts 55(55%) as compared to females 45(45%). Unilateral cysts were more common 60(30%) as compared to bilateral cysts 40(20%). The occurrence of renal cyst was common in right kidney 65(32.5%) as compared to left kidney 35(17.5%). The renal cysts were commonly present at Cortex 70(70%) and the most common type was simple polycystic kidneys 60(60%). Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of renal cyst is higher in old males specifically in the cortical region. Unilateral polycystic kidneys are most common.
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