Nocturnal Leg Cramps in Young Adults

Nocturnal Leg Cramps


  • Sameen Arshad Department of Physiotherapy, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Aroosa Kanwal Department of Physiotherapy, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ijaz Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Sania Maqbool Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tamknat Ilyas Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan



Restless Leg Syndrome, Nocturnal Leg Cramps, Muscle Cramps, Pain, Prevalence, Risk Factors


Nocturnal Leg cramps are painful, involuntary muscle spasms that occur in the legs while sleeping, most particularly in the calves. The soreness usually lasts less than five minutes and occurs before or immediately after you fall asleep. They most commonly affect the calf muscles but can also affect the foot and thighs. Leg cramps can affect anybody at any age, but as people become older, they become more common and often more severe. Objective: To study the prevalence and risk factors of nocturnal leg cramps in young adults in Punjab. Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study; data were collected from cities of Punjab. 300 men and women of age 20 to 40 years were included who have nocturnal leg cramps. Results: The prevalence of nocturnal leg cramps was 47.3% according to this study. Nocturnal leg cramps are closely related to 3 to 4 hours of standing without changing body posture. Conclusions: Research demonstrates that teachers, workers, and medical professionals were more likely to experience nocturnal leg cramps. Prolonged standing and footwear were linked risk factors.


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v6i10.894
Published: 2023-10-31

How to Cite

Arshad, S., Kanwal, A., Ijaz, M., Maqbool, S., & Ilyas, T. (2023). Nocturnal Leg Cramps in Young Adults: Nocturnal Leg Cramps. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 6(10), 19–24.



Original Article


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