Awareness and practice of oral hygiene and its relation to socio-demographic factors among patients attending general OPD

Oral Hygiene & its Relation to Socio-Demographic Factors

Authors

  • Tusneem Haider Azra Naheed Medical College
  • Zeeshan Yousaf Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Abdul Ghaffar Khan IMO Zed Sawans
  • Saman Fatima Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i2.301

Abstract

Oral illness is a public health concern due to its high prevalence and huge societal effect. Objectives: Oral hygiene knowledge and practise, as well as oral hygiene's association to socio-demographic variables, will be assessed among patients who visit the hospital's general outpatient department. Material and methods: The results of this cross-sectional study were presented at Azra Naheed Medical College from July 2021 to December 2021. Participants in the research had to be over the age of 12 and able to verbally agree, comprehend and complete questions. Those with diabetes who refused to participate in the research were omitted from the results. Results: The data was acquired from 112 patients who visited the outpatient section of the hospital. 33.23 x 10.98 = the average age of individuals who answered the survey (mean x standard deviation). There was a statistically significant difference (P 0.05) in the brushing behaviours of females and males when it came to oral health knowledge and behaviour. Conclusion: To summarise, dental caries was found to be common among patients and that awareness of dental caries among the general population was a major predictor of dental caries among those who participated, as well as educational attainment and oral hygiene habits and residency and monthly income.

References

Wondemagegn M, Tazebew D, Mulat Y, Kassaw M, Bayeh A. Dental caries and associated factors among primary school children in Bahir Dar city: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2014;7:949

https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-949

Paul, B., Basu, M., Dutta, S., Chattopadhyay, S., Sinha, D., & Misra, R. (2014). Awareness and Practices of Oral Hygiene and its Relation to Sociodemographic Factors among Patients attending the General Outpatient Department in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata, India. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 3(2), 107-111. https://doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.137611

https://doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.137611

Garkoti PD, Rawat CMS, Singh RK, Rawat V, Bartwal J. Pattern of dental diseases among patients attending OPD of dental: a hospital based Cross- sectional study. NJMR 2015; 5: 212-16.

Shah SMA, Luby SP, Rahbar M, Khan AW & McCormick J (2001b) Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among adults aged 18 years and over in high mountain rural villages of North Pakistan. Journal of Human Hypertension 15, 107-112.

https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001131

Keys A (1980) Seven Countries: A Multivariate Analysis of Death and Coronary Heart Disease. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674497887

Ohlson LO, Larsson B, Svardsudd K et al. (1985) The influence of body fat distribution on the incidence of diabetes mellitus: 13.5 years of follow-up of the participants in the study of men born in 1913. Diabetes 34, 329-334.

https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.34.10.1055

Shah SMA, Arif A, Delclos G, Khan AR & Khan A (2001a) Prevalence and correlates of smoking on the roof of the world. Journal of Tobacco Control 10, e1

https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.10.1.e1

Jayant K & Deo MG (1986) Oral cancer and cultural practices in relation to betel quid and tobacco chewing and smoking. Cancer Detection and Prevention 9, 207-213

Schlecht NF, Franco EL, Pinto J et al. (1999) Interaction between tobacco and alcohol consumption and the risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract in Brazil. American Journal of Epidemiology 150, 1129-1137.

https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009938

M. Okada, M. Kawamura, Y. Kaihara, Y. Matsuzaki, S. Kuwahara, H. Ishidori, et al.Influence of parents' oral health behaviour on oral health status of their school children: an exploratory study employing a causal modelling technique Int J Paediartr Dent, 12 (2002), pp. 101-108

https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-263X.2002.00338.x

Singh M, Saini A, Saimbi CS, Bajpai AK. Prevalence of dental diseases in 5- to 14-year-old school children in rural areas of the Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian J Dent Res 2011; 22: 396-99.

https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.87060

World Health Organization. Oral Health Promotion through Schools. WHO Information Series on School Health. Document 11. Geneva: World Health Organization 2003.

Rohr IM, Bagramian RA. Oral Health-Related Quality of Life. Chicago: Quintessence, 2002.

Al-Subait AA, Alousaimi M, Geeverghese A. Oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior among students of age 10-18 years old attending Jenadriyah festival Riyadh; a cross-sectional study. Saudi J dent Res 2016; 7: 45-50.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjdr.2015.05.001

Kwan SYL, Peterson PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ 2005; 83 (9): 677- 685

WHO. Population nutrient intake goals for preventing diet-related chronic diseases. Available online at http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/5_population_ nutrition/en/index18.html/; 2011

: Guracho TT, Atomssa EM, Megersa OA, Tolossa T (2021) Determinants of dental caries among adolescent patients attending Hospitals in West Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia: A casecontrol study. PLoS ONE 16(12): e0260427. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260427

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260427

Bernabe E., et al., Global, Regional, and National Levels and Trends in Burden of Oral Conditions from 1990 to 2017: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study. J Dent Res, 2020. 99(4): p. 362-373. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034520908533 PMID: 32122215

https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034520908533

Mulu W., et al., Dental caries and associated factors among primary school children in Bahir Dar city: a cross-sectional study. BMC research notes, 2014. 7(1): p. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7- 949 PMID: 25540044

https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-949

Astatkie A., et al., Oral symptoms significantly higher among long-term khat (Catha edulis) users in Ethiopia. Epidemiol Health, 2015. 37: p. e2015009. https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2015009 PMID: 25773437 22.

https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2015009

Senait M., Determinante factors of dental caries in Ethiopian military pers;on.Addis Ababa University, in Public Health. 2005, Addis Ababa University: Addis Ababa. p. 80. 23.

Kazeminia M., et al., Dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children's worldwide, 1995 to 2019: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Head & Face Medicine, 2020. 16(1): p. 22. https://doi. org/10.1186/s13005-020-00237-z PMID: 33023617

https://doi.org/10.1186/s13005-020-00237-z

Downloads

Published

2022-02-28

How to Cite

Haider, T., Yousaf, Z. ., Khan, A. G. ., & Fatima, S. . (2022). Awareness and practice of oral hygiene and its relation to socio-demographic factors among patients attending general OPD: Oral Hygiene & its Relation to Socio-Demographic Factors. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(2), 80–83. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i2.301

Issue

Section

Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)