Comparison of Jacobson’s Progressive Relaxation Technique and Laura Mitchell’s Relaxation Technique on quality of life and sleep in COPD Patients.
Quality of life and sleep in COPD Patients
Keywords:Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Quality of life, Relaxation Therapy, Sleep Hygiene.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is progressive respiratory disease characterized by cough, sputum, and shortness of breath due to increased airway resistance. The prevalence rate for COPD is about 2.1% with population of age 40 years. Long term effects of different treatments lead to decrease the quality of life. Relaxation techniques are simple and improve the relaxation of whole body. Objective: The objective was to compare the effects of Jacobson’s and Laura Mitchell’s technique on the quality of life and sleep in COPD patients. Methods: It was a randomized clinical trial. Sample size of 68 was calculated by keeping 95% confidence internal and 0.05 margin of error. Patients were induced through convenient sampling technique and then allocated by simple randomization process by opaque sealed envelope into group A and Group B. Group A was treated with Laura Mitchell Relaxation Technique and group B was treated with Jacobson’s Progressive Relaxation Technique for 5 sessions per week for 2 weeks. Post treatment evaluation was done by assessing sleep quality through Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire and quality of life via St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire. Results: Data analysis was done by using IBM-SPSS 25. Mean and Standard deviation of age and Body Mass Index (BMI) were as group A 40.13 + 5.06 years comparable to group B as 38.63 + 5.04 years. Body Mass Index (BMI) in group A was 23.86 + 4.139 kg/m2, and in group B was 23.80 + 4.130 kg/m2.It was determined that both methods of relaxation improved quality of life and sleep in COPD patients in which Laura Mitchell’s Relaxation Technique was clinically more significant as compared to Jacobson’s Progressive Relaxation Technique. Conclusion: It was concluded that both Laura Mitchell’s Relaxation Technique and Jacobson’s Progressive Relaxation Technique were effective on quality of life and sleep quality in COPD patients among stage 3 and stage 4 individuals. But Laura Mitchell’s Technique has greater clinical effects as compared to other technique.
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