Prevalence of Neck Pain related to working hours among Bankers: A cross-sectional Study

Neck Pain among Bankers


  • Muhammad Umer Arshad Senior Clinical Physiotherapist, AVICENA Medical Collage, Lahore
  • wajeeha Zia Riphah international university
  • Ghazal Jamshaid University of South Asia, Cantt campus Lahore.
  • Bakhtawar Khan House officer, Johar Institute of professional studies, Lahore
  • Jawad ul Hassan University of Health Sciences, Lahore
  • Azhar Akram House officer, Hamid Latif hospital, Lahore



Bankers,Musculoskeletal disorder, Neck pain, Prevalence, Work related factors


Work-related neck pain is demonstrated as neck pain that is produced or provoked by labor or the working atmosphere. It is one of the most common complaints especially among workers who use computer extensively at their workplace. Office work demands long time in front of computer screens and if there is lack of ergonomic use, lack of awareness of proper body positioning and the positioning of the desk, keyboard, and screen all lead to pain neck. Objective: The objective of this study was to find the frequency of neck pain due to necktie among bankers. Methods: It was a cross sectional study. Data was taken from 277 participants through Neck disability index questionnaire through convenient sampling technique from all the male workers of banks who were wearing tie on regular basis. Data was presented as bar charts and pie charts by using Statistical Package for social sciences version 25. Results: About 184 (66.4%) were having pain in neck in past 6 months. About half of those who were suffering from pain have moderate pain 145 (86.8%), 14 (8.3) have mild pain and 8 (4.7%) were having severe pain in neck. Conclusion:It is concluded that about 66.4% bankers were having pain and majority of bankers have moderate level neck pain due to prolong working hours.


Islam S. Prevalence of neck pain among the bank workers: Bangladesh Health Professions Institute, Faculty of Medicine, the University …; 2012.

Jensen C. Development of neck and hand-wrist symptoms in relation to duration of computer use at work. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health. 2003:197-205.

Chakraborty S, Sinha D, Chatterjee S, Basu M, Misra R. A Study on Work Related Neck Pain among Bank Employees in Kolkata, India. 2020.

Sachdev S, Talreja S, Nasir S, Ali AA. Prevalence of neck pain among the undergraduate physical therapy students of university of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan. Journal of Novel Physiotherapy and Physical Rehabilitation. 2021;8(1):020-3.

Côté JN, Feldman AG, Mathieu PA, Levin MF. Effects of fatigue on intermuscular coordination during repetitive hammering. Motor control. 2008;12(2):79-92.

Daniels JM, Kary J. The cervical spine. Common Musculoskeletal Problems: Springer; 2011. p. 5-13.

Picavet H, Schouten J. Musculoskeletal pain in the Netherlands: prevalences, consequences and risk groups, the DMC3-study. Pain. 2003;102(1-2):167-78.

Binder A. The diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific neck pain and whiplash. Europa medicophysica. 2007;43(1):79-89.

Gulraiz, Quratulain, Afzal F, Manzoor S. Chronic Neck Pain and how to Prevent Chronic Neck Pain in Bankers by Using Ergonomics. Journal of Novel Physiotherapies. 2017;10:13.

Chiu T, Ku W, Lee M, Sum W, Wan M, Wong C, et al. A study on the prevalence of and risk factors for neck pain among university academic staff in Hong Kong. Journal of occupational rehabilitation. 2002;12(2):77-91.

Cagnie B, Danneels L, Van Tiggelen D, De Loose V, Cambier D. Individual and work related risk factors for neck pain among office workers: a cross sectional study. European Spine Journal. 2007;16(5):679-86.

Szeto GP, Straker L, Raine S. A field comparison of neck and shoulder postures in symptomatic and asymptomatic office workers. Applied ergonomics. 2002;33(1):75-84.

Jensen C, Finsen L, Hansen K, Christensen H. Upper trapezius muscle activity patterns during repetitive manual material handling and work with a computer mouse. Journal of electromyography and kinesiology. 1999;9(5):317-25.

Boota M, Shaban S, Munawar A, Ahmed A. PREVALENCE OF NECK PAIN IN BANKERS OF LAHORE. Malaysian Journal of Medical Research (MJMR). 2018;2(1):30-6.

Jensen C, Borg V, Finsen L, Hansen K, Juul-Kristensen B, Christensen H. Job demands, muscle activity and musculoskeletal symptoms in relation to work with the computer mouse. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health. 1998:418-24.

Sandsjö L, Melin B, Rissén D, Dohns I, Lundberg U. Trapezius muscle activity, neck and shoulder pain, and subjective experiences during monotonous work in women. European journal of applied physiology. 2000;83(2):235-8.

La Vecchia C, Bosetti C, Lucchini F, Bertuccio P, Negri E, Boyle P, et al. Cancer mortality in Europe, 2000-2004, and an overview of trends since 1975. Annals of Oncology. 2010;21(6):1323-60.

Weismann K, Grønhøj Larsen F. Pernio of the hips in young girls wearing tight-fitting jeans with a low waistband. Acta dermato-venereologica. 2006;86(6):557-8.

Teng C, Gurses-Ozden R, Liebmann J, Tello C, Ritch R. Effect of a tight necktie on intraocular pressure. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2003;87(8):946-8.

Abeysundara PK, Nishad N, Balendran K, Pabasara M, Bandara PK, Perera NM, et al. Should male doctors in Sri Lanka wear a necktie to be recognized and respected? The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries. 2019;13(05):445-8.

Yoo I-g, Kim M-h, Yoo W-g. Effects of wearing a tight necktie on cervical range of motion and upper trapezius muscle activity during computer work. Work. 2011;39(3):261-6.

Young Ia Pt D, Dunning J Pt DPT, Butts R Pt P, Mourad F Pt DPT, Cleland Ja Pt P. Reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the neck disability index and numeric pain rating scale in patients with mechanical neck pain without upper extremity symptoms. Physiotherapy theory and practice. 2019;35(12):1328-35.

Shabbir M, Rashid S, Umar B, Ahmad A, Ehsan S. Frequency of neck and shoulder pain and use of adjustable computer workstation among bankers. Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 2016;32(2):423.



DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v4i2.119
Published: 2021-12-27

How to Cite

Arshad, M. U. ., Zia, wajeeha, Jamshaid , G. ., Khan, B., Hassan, J. ul ., & Akram, A. (2021). Prevalence of Neck Pain related to working hours among Bankers: A cross-sectional Study: Neck Pain among Bankers. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 4(2), 229–232.



Original Article


Most read articles by the same author(s)