Emergence of FAD Diets and Obesity-Related Perceptions and Practices Among University Students

Fad Diets and Obesity-related Perceptions and Practices

Authors

  • Maria Aslam University Institute of Dietand Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Anosha Tariq University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore,Pakistan.
  • Javaria Naveed University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Syeda Ume Farwa University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Yumna Zainab University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Wajeeha Abbas University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sibgha Babar University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Masooma Ali University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, UIDNS, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i2.139

Keywords:

FAD diets, obesity, comorbidities

Abstract

The prevalence of obesity is increasing day by day and is becoming a serious issue worldwide. Obesity leads to different chronic diseases such as diabetes, CVD, hypertension etc. In attempts to lose weight faster people try different diets and Fad diets are a part of these diets. Keto genic diet, Atkins diet, vegan diet, liquid diet are some examples of these diets. Objective: To assess the emergence of fad diets and obesity related perceptions and practices among university students. Methods: A cross sectional study design with a sample size of 100 students were randomly selected from 4 different universities; University of Lahore, LUMS, Forman Christian College and Superior University. Data was collected from the participants through a questionnaire. Results: Questions regarding knowledge and perceptions about obesity and fad diets were asked to which majority of the participants answered that they knew about BMI and it being a major indicator of obesity (73%). When they were asked about knowledge of obesity related to diet and sleep 88% agreed to it being interlinked while 19% disagreed. Upon asking what the respondents thought was the main cause of weight gain 14% replied junk food, 22% replied to lack of exercise, 27% said unhealthy eating practices but majority 35% outlined lack of exercise combined with unhealthy eating practices as the foremost cause of increasing rates of obesity. When asked if the participants followed any fad diets they answered with different diets; 12 respondents followed Atkins, 20 followed keto, 7 followed vegans, 4 followed liquid diet, and 32 followed other fad diets while 32 participants didn’t follow any fad diet. The correlation between fad diets and their effectiveness was determined and the results showed a significant correlation (p<0.05). Most of the participants were females (57 females and 43 males) and through the present study it was evaluated that mostly females followed such fad diets as compared to males. Conclusion: Fad diets have been in trend from a long time and people mainly follow it to lose weight quickly and to get into a certain body shape. However, restricting specific food groups leads to drawback that cause health issues. Following a fad diet is short-term solution to obesity that can be reversed easily by slipping back into old eating patterns. The long-term solution to obesity is to eat a healthy balanced diet and to be physically active.

References

Omar M, Nouh F, Younis M, Younis M, Nabil N, Elamshity B, Ahmad H, Elhadad I, Elmagri A. Fad Diet. Asian Food Science Journal. 2019 Apr 8:1-1.

https://doi.org/10.9734/afsj/2019/v8i229987

Blüher M. Obesity: global epidemiology and pathogenesis. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 2019 May;15(5):288-98.

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-019-0176-8

Haththotuwa RN, Wijeyaratne CN, Senarath U. Worldwide epidemic of obesity. InObesity and obstetrics 2020 Jan 1 (pp. 3-8). Elsevier.

https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-817921-5.00001-1

World Health Organization. Overweight and obesity.

Bucher Della Torre S, Courvoisier DS, Saldarriaga A, Martin XE, Farpour‐Lambert NJ. Knowledge, attitudes, representations and declared practices of nurses and physicians about obesity in a university hospital: training is essential. Clinical obesity. 2018 Apr;8(2):122-30.

https://doi.org/10.1111/cob.12238

Wolfenden L, Ezzati M, Larijani B, Dietz W. The challenge for global health systems in preventing and managing obesity. Obesity Reviews. 2019 Nov; 20:185-93.

https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12872

deMenezes EV, Sampaio HA, Carioca AA, Parente NA, Brito FO, Moreira TM, de Souza AC, Arruda SP. Influence of Paleolithic diet on anthropometric markers in chronic diseases: systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition journal. 2019 Dec;18(1):1-2.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-019-0457-z

Banerjee S. Fad diets on metabolic syndrome among sedentary women-A systemic review. IP Journal of Nutrition, Metabolism and Health Science. 2021 May 15;4(1):34-40.

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijnmhs.2021.006

Khawandanah J, Tewfik I. Fad diets: lifestyle promises and health challenges. Journal of Food Research. 2016;5(6):80-94.

https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v5n6p80

Jáuregui-Lobera I. Fad diets, miracle diets, diet cult… but no results. JONNPR. 2017 Mar;2(3):90-3.

Hart K. Fad diets and fasting for weight loss in obesity. Advanced nutrition and dietetics in obesity. 2018;177.

Jou C. The biology and genetics of obesity-a century of inquiries. New England Journal of Medicine. 2014 May 15;370(20):1874-7.

https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1400613

Song HJ, Lee EK, Kwon JW. Gender differences in the impact of obesity on health-related quality of life. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. 2016 Mar;28(2):146-56.

https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539515626267

Bautista RJ, Mahmoud AM, Königsberg M, Guerrero NE. Obesity: Pathophysiology, monosodium glutamate-induced model and anti-obesity medicinal plants. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2019 Mar 1; 111:503-16.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.12.108

Kim MH, Kim Y, Chung J, Yeon JY. Fad diet status of male and female collegians. The Korean Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2015;28(2):258-68.

https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.258

Kim MH, Yeon JY. Fad dieting status and need for nutrition education on healthy dieting of the university students according to the desired loss weight. The Korean Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2017;30(3):473-81.

Karthijeken, K, Angela, A.A, Nutritional status and dietary practices among university students, Vol. 10, Sri Lanka, International journal of scientific and research publication, 2020.

https://doi.org/10.29322/IJSRP.10.10.2020.p10648

Hooper L, Anderson AS, Birch J, Forster AS, Rosenberg G, Bauld L, Vohra J. Public awareness and healthcare professional advice for obesity as a risk factor for cancer in the UK: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of public health. 2018 Dec 1;40(4):797-805.

https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx145

Kim MH, Kim Y, Chung J, Yeon JY. Fad diet status of male and female collegians. The Korean Journal of Food and Nutrition. 2015;28(2):258-68.

https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2015.28.2.258

Garber N, Kozak A, Uhley V. Undergraduate Students Are Not Wooed by Fad Diets. Current Developments in Nutrition. 2021 Jun;5(Supplement_2):126-.

https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzab035_034

Downloads

Published

2022-02-28

How to Cite

Aslam, M., Tariq, A. ., Naveed, J., Farwa, S. U. ., Zainab, Y. ., Abbas, W. ., Babar, S. ., & Ali, M. . (2022). Emergence of FAD Diets and Obesity-Related Perceptions and Practices Among University Students: Fad Diets and Obesity-related Perceptions and Practices. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(2), 33–37. https://doi.org/10.54393/pbmj.v5i2.139

Issue

Section

Original Article