Assessment Of Patient’s Safety Culture And Quality Imporvement In Hospitals Of Pakistan: A Cross Sectional Study


  • Rukhsana Kousar Lahore School of Nursing University of Lahore , Lahore , Pakistan.
  • Rashida Jabeen Lahore School of Nursing University of Lahore , Lahore , Pakistan.
  • Aqib Dil Awaiz Liaquat Medical University of Health Sciences , Jamshoro, Pakistan.
  • Iltaf Hussain Liaquat Medical College of Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • Rashida Bibi University of Health sciences Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.



Quality improvement, patients’ Safety Culture, Culture


Humanoid errors are reality of life and happen in normal routine in any working conditions by individuals. Culture of safety is combination of mutual values, behaviors and insights of safety within a healthcare organization in the direction of decreasing harm to the patients. Safety culture consists of various components including identification of high risk settings prone to errors in nature, blame free working conditions, allocation of safety concern resources by administration and strong association of various arms of healthcare to find solutions. Patients’ safety culture is not very well evaluated nor focused yet in most of the developing countries including Pakistan. Objectives: Aim of this study was establish a baseline data on awareness about Patients’ safety culture among nurses, physicians and other healthcare staff from public and private hospitals of Pakistan. Study Settings and Methods: This cross sectional study was undertaken in Department of Nursing, The University Of Lahore in collaboration with various public and private hospitals of Pakistan during January 2020 to April 2020. Conclusion: Patients’ safety culture in healthcare system of Pakistan is not well evaluated nor ideally practiced. Few components of safety attitude questionnaire are adapted in excellence while other are practiced in average or below average. Improvements in patients’ safety are necessary as in developing counties. Gender has not been supposed to be a pre-determined factor associated with patients’ safety whereas private sector has been found to be a predictor and negatively associated with patients’ safety. Age, ethnicity and category of healthcare staff may be potential factors but desired more studies to explore properly.


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v5i1.199
Published: 2022-01-31

How to Cite

Kousar, R., Jabeen, R. ., Dil Awaiz, A. ., Hussain, I. ., & Bibi, R. . (2022). Assessment Of Patient’s Safety Culture And Quality Imporvement In Hospitals Of Pakistan: A Cross Sectional Study. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(1), 173–177.



Original Article