The Factors Contributing For Breast Cancer In Pakistan

Meta-analysis on last decade studies on breast cancer


  • Hafiza Saba Javed Aziz Fatima Nursing College, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Irsalan Khalid



Mammography, Malignancy, breast cell tumor


Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women around the Globe. Asian countries have highest ratio of breast cancer. About 60 % cases from Asian countries due to lack of health care facilities and awareness about breast cancer in general population. Classification based on age, stage of disease, location of development and family history. Breast cell tumor due to gene mutation prognosis the disease into malignancies. Symptoms may appear in early stage or late stages of disease. Methods:The literature review was conducted through different sources such as Google scholars, PubMed, MEDLINE and data base. The key words was used breast cancer incidence in Pakistan, prevalence of breast cancer, causes of breast cancer in Pakistan. Only those studies was selected published during the period of 2010 to 2020 and published in English.Results:From this literature review, following factors has been identified, effecting on breast cancer development. Lack of knowledge about breast cancer development. Lack of health care facilities in rural areas, family history and economic problems.Conclusion:Pakistani women are unaware of breast cancer knowledge. Low health care budget, early identification of disease, family history of breast cancer are major contributing factors of breast cancer. 


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v5i1.133
Published: 2022-01-31

How to Cite

Javed, H. S., & Khalid, M. I. (2022). The Factors Contributing For Breast Cancer In Pakistan : Meta-analysis on last decade studies on breast cancer. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(1), 23–26.



Review Article