Comparison of Postural Correction and Strengthening Exercises on Pain and Disability in Upper Cross Syndrome Patients

Postural Correction and Strengthening Exercises in Upper Cross Syndrome


  • Rizmi Naseer Hamza Medical Center Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Sana Tauqeer The University of Lahore, Lahore Pakistan
  • Hammad Shakeel Muhammadi Medical Trust Hospital
  • Shamaila Yaqub The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus,Pakistan
  • Adnan Ikram The University of Lahore, Lahore Pakistan
  • Noor ulAin



Disability, Pain, Postural Correction, Upper Cross Syndrome


Upper Cross Syndrome (UCS) also known as proximal or shoulder girdle crossed syndrome. In UCS, the upper trapezius and levator scapula gets tightened and crosses the dorsal side of the pectoralis major and minor Objective: To find the comparison between effects of postural correction and strengthening exercises on pain and disability among patients of upper cross syndrome Methods: It is a Quasi experimental study conducted at the Kanaan Physiotherapy and Spine clinic Lahore, Pakistan. The study was conducted in 6 months (September 2020 to February 2021). A non-probability convenient sampling technique was used on a sample of 37 patients. After taking verbal consent from patients, patients were divided randomly into two groups through lottery method. The inclusion criteria were of age between 20-50 years and exclusion criteria were cervical trauma or surgery, congenital scoliosis, spasmodic torticollis or those who did not sign the informed consent. The data collection tools include Goniometer for Rang of Motion,Tape for measuring muscle length, Numeric pain rating scale and Neck disability index. Results were analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results: The mean age for the participants was 34.35±5.123 with 33.33±+5.018 in control group and 35.32±5.344 in experimental group. According to baseline comparison between the groups, the flexion mean value for the control group was 22.27±6.63and for the experimental group was 20.36±7.58 and showed no significant difference having p-value 0.42 Conclusion: It was concluded that there is no significant difference in terms of ROM, muscle length and Numeric Pain Rating Scale between the groups. The only significant difference showed was in Neck Disability index.


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DOI: 10.54393/pbmj.v5i1.113
Published: 2022-01-31

How to Cite

Naseer, R. ., Tauqeer , S., Shakeel , H. ., Yaqub, S., Ikram , A. ., & ulAin , N. (2022). Comparison of Postural Correction and Strengthening Exercises on Pain and Disability in Upper Cross Syndrome Patients: Postural Correction and Strengthening Exercises in Upper Cross Syndrome. Pakistan BioMedical Journal, 5(1), 44–48.



Original Article